top of page

References: Starting Solids

Arden, M. A., & Abbott, R. L. (2015). Experiences of baby‐led weaning: trust, control and renegotiation. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 11(4), 829-844.

Bellows, L., Clark, A., & Moore, R. Introducing solid foods to infants: Fact Sheet (Colorado State University). Food and Nutrition Series; no. 9.358.

Bentley, A. (2014). Inventing baby food: Taste, health and the industrialization of the American diet. University of California Press: Oakland

Borowitz, S. M. (2021). First bites—Why, when, and what solid foods to feed infants. Frontiers in Pediatrics, 9, 211.

Brown, A., & Lee, M. (2011). Maternal control of child feeding during the weaning period: differences between mothers following a baby-led or standard weaning approach. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 15(8), 1265-1271.

Brown, A. (2016). Differences in eating behaviour, well‐being and personality between mothers following baby‐led vs. traditional weaning styles. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 12(4), 826-837.

Brown, A., Jones, S. W., & Rowan, H. (2017). Baby-led weaning: the evidence to date. Current Nutrition Reports, 6(2), 148-156.


Cameron, S. L., Heath, A. L. M., & Taylor, R. W. (2012). How feasible is baby-led weaning as an approach to infant feeding? A review of the evidence. Nutrients, 4(11), 1575-1609.

Cichero, J. A. Y. (2016). Introducing solid foods using baby‐led weaning vs. spoon‐feeding: A focus on oral development, nutrient intake and quality of research to bring balance to the debate. Nutrition Bulletin, 41(1), 72-77.

Clayton, H. B., Li, R., Perrine, C. G., & Scanlon, K. S. (2013). Prevalence and reasons for introducing infants early to solid foods: variations by milk feeding type. Pediatrics, 131(4), e1108-e1114.

Daniels, L., Heath, A. L. M., Williams, S. M., Cameron, S. L., Fleming, E. A., Taylor, B. J., ... & Taylor, R. W. (2015). Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS) study: a randomised controlled trial of a baby-led approach to complementary feeding. BioMedCentral Pediatrics, 15(1), 1-15.

Fangupo, L. J., Heath, A. L. M., Williams, S. M., Williams, L. W. E., Morison, B. J., Fleming, E. A., ... & Taylor, R. W. (2016). A baby-led approach to eating solids and risk of choking. Pediatrics, 138(4).

Hepper, P. G., Wells, D. L., Dornan, J. C., & Lynch, C. (2013). Long-term flavor recognition in humans with prenatal garlic experience. Developmental Psychobiology, 55(5), 568–574.

Hicke-Roberts, A., Wennergren, G., & Hesselmar, B. (2020). Late introduction of solids into infants’ diets may increase the risk of food allergy development. BioMed Central Pediatrics, 20, 1-9.

Hopkins, D., Emmett, P., Steer, C., Rogers, I., Noble, S., & Emond, A. (2007). Infant feeding in the second 6 months of life related to iron status: an observational study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 92(10), 850-854.

Hörnell, A., Hofvander, Y., & Kylberg, E. (2001). Introduction of solids and formula to breastfed infants: a longitudinal prospective study in Uppsala, Sweden. Acta Paediatrica, 90(5), 477-482.

Humphrey L.T. (2010) Weaning behavior in human evolution. Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology, 21, 453–461.

Overland, L. (2011). A sensory-motor approach to feeding. Perspectives on Swallowing and Swallowing Disorders (Dysphagia), 20(3), 60-64.

Monti, D. (2005). Can My Six-Week-Old Eat Thanksgiving Dinner? Early Introduction of Solids to Infants. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 20(4), 31.

Morin, K. (2004). Solids: When and Why. The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 29(4), 259.

Morin, K. H. (2006). More on Introducing Solids. The American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing, 31(5), 332.

Morison, B. J., Taylor, R. W., Haszard, J. J., Schramm, C. J., Erickson, L. W., Fangupo, L. J., ... & Heath, A. L. M. (2016). How different are baby-led weaning and conventional complementary feeding? A cross-sectional study of infants aged 6–8 months. British Medical Journal, 6(5), e010665.

Hospital Topics (1960) Pediatrics and Obstetrics, 38:9, 67-98


Rapley, G. (2015). Baby-led weaning: the theory and evidence behind the approach. Journal of Health Visiting, 3(3), 144-151.

Rorabaugh J.M. & Friel J.K. (2010) Infants: Transition from Breast to Bottle to Solids. In: Wilson T., Bray G., Temple N., Struble M. (eds) Nutrition Guide for Physicians. Nutrition and Health: Humana Press.

Sachs, M. (2011). Baby‐led weaning and current UK recommendations–are they compatible?. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 7(1), 1.

bottom of page